Leptospermum scoparium Manuka Red tea tree.
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Leptospermum scoparium    syn   Kunzea scoparium                                                                            Manuka
Leptospermum scoparium Manuka


The very light seed of Manuka is wind dispersed and produced in abundance. This species is a coloniser of bare ground. It is  particularly hardy and  sometimes found clinging to a crack in a cliff face or where there is the bare minimum of topsoil.
They form an important stage in the succession of the bush and provide an important nursery for other larger, long lived, species.
The rate of germination is affected by temperature and the adequate avaliability of water. Light is needed for germination. The seed can remain on the tree inside the woody capsule  for up to 3 years without loss of viability.
Sow lightly ontop of a fine seeds mix.germination should proceed within 6 weeks.
How do you tell the difference between Kanuka and manuka?
Kanuka
  • Is taller up. to 16m.

  • Has a softer foliage to touch than manuka

  • Has flowers in bunches or groups and flowers after manuka, usally in December. Flowers are white.

  • has smaller seeds capsules tham Manuka.
Manuka
  • Is a smaller shrub or tree than Kanuka.

  • Has a prickly foliage to touch

  • Has singular flowers that are larger than Kanuka. May have a red colour to the flower.

  • Flowers in Spring. October.

  • Has larger seed capsules than Kanuka.



If you wish to learn more about native plants I suggest one of these natural history books from fishpond

Life-size Guide to New Zealand Native Ferns: Featuring the Caterpillars Which Feed on ThemA Field Guide to the Native Edible Plants of New ZealandGardener's Encyclopaedia of NZ Native PlantsTrees and Shrubs of New ZealandThe Reed Field Guide to New Zealand Native Trees

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